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College Terminology

A.A. (Associate in Arts) or A.S. (Associate in Science) Degree: Degree granted by community colleges upon completion of required course work.   

Academic Probation: Status of a student who has earned a GPA below 2.0 in all A-F graded units.

Academic Renewal: A policy that allows a student who meets specific criteria to have disregarded portion of previous Chabot substandard college work which is not reflective of the student's demonstrated ability.

Academic Year: Includes two 18-week semesters; Fall (Aug - Dec) and Spring (Jan - May).

Accreditation: Recognition by an organization or agency that a college meets certain established standards of educational quality (may be national and/or regional). 

American College Test (ACT) - One of two major college entrance exams used to determine freshman admission eligibility. Some private colleges may require this for admission of transfer students. 

Add (a class): Add a class to his/her schedule after the term has begun.

Advanced Placement- Designated high school honors courses that provide college credit for students scoring at a certain level on the final examination. 

Articulation Agreement: Agreements between community and four-year colleges which indicate the acceptability of courses in transfer toward meeting specific degree requirements. 

Assessment: The process of gathering information to assist students in selecting appropriate courses and developing a program of study.  Assessment tests are provided in English, English as a Second Language, and Mathematics to assist in evaluating a student's current skill level.

ASSIST- The official Internet site that contains all articulation agreements between California community colleges, the University of California and the California State University. 

Bachelor Degree: A level of education marked by the completion of the equivalent of four or more years of full-time education.  The degree is offered by the California State Universities, the University of California system, and many private colleges and universities.

Certificate of Achievement: Certificate issued to a student by the college upon completion of required courses in a specific occupational program.

Certification- The process which verifies the completion of general education for California State Colleges and Universities (either the CSU General Education Breadth requirements or the Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum) or for the University of California (the Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum). Students must request certification in the Records Office prior to transfer. 

Certificate Program: These are occupational and vocational programs requiring fewer units of course work to complete; they concentrate only on those courses that are essential to prepare the student for employment.  Certificate programs typically take three to four semesters to complete.

Class Schedule: Published prior to each term, it includes registration and enrollment procedures and dates, general information, and the list of classes to be offered during that term.

College Catalog: College publication describing academic programs, student services, general regulations, requirements and procedures.  All classes offered by the college are described, including information about unit value, transferability and prerequisites.

Concurrent Enrollment: Enrollment in two or more colleges during the same semester.

Co requisite: A condition of enrollment that a student is required to meet before or in conjunction with enrollment in a course.

Course Number: A number, which designates a particular course offered by the college.

Credential Program Prescribed professional education requirements that must be met in order to teach at the K-12 levels. These are usually fulfilled after completion of a Bachelor's Degree, but may also be completed while pursuing the degree. 
Credit/No Credit - A form of grading whereby a student receives a grade of CR or NC instead of an A, B, C, D, or F. A grade of CR is assigned for class work the equivalent of a grade of C or above. 

Credit / No Credit: A grading option in lieu of a letter grade offered students in some classes.  A "Credit" (CR) grade indicates that the work completed in the class was equivalent to "A," "B," or "C" and units awarded but not counted in the GPA.  A "No Credit" (NC) grade indicates the work was unsatisfactory or failing.  Students electing this grading option are expected to complete all course work and assignments.

CSU General Education Breadth - Completion of the CSU General Education Breadth requirements will permit a student to transfer from a community college to any campus in the California State University system without the need, after transfer, to take additional lower division general education courses to satisfy campus general education requirements. 

Dismissal:A student who is on Academic or Progress Probation in each of three consecutive semesters is subject to dismissal.

Doctorate Degree - Usually a Ph.D. awarded upon the completion of a prescribed program beyond the master's degree level. Requires 2-3 years of full-time study beyond the master's degree. 

Drop (a class): A student has enrolled in a class and then decides not to continue.

Electives: Courses that are not required but can be used to complete the unit requirements for a degree or program.

Filing Periods - The period of time during which campuses will accept applications for students wishing to enroll in a particular semester or quarter. 

Freshman: A student who has completed 29 or fewer semester units in college.

Full-time Student: A student enrolled in 12 or more units during the Fall or Spring Semester, or 6 units in the Summer Session.

General Education Requirements: A specific group of course requirements, usually outside of, and in addition to the student's major, that must be met in order to obtain an associate or bachelor's degree.

Grade Point Average (GPA): The indication of the overall level of academic achievement. It is an important measure used in making decisions about probation and disqualification, eligibility for graduation, and transfer to four-year institutions. The grade point average is derived from the following unit system: A = 4 grade points per unit, B = 3 grade points per unit, C = 2 grade points per unit, D = 1 grade point per unit F = 0 grade points per unit. The GPA is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points received by the number of units attempted. 

Impacted Major/Campus - When the number of applications received is expected to be larger than the number of spaces available, additional criteria are considered in making admissions decisions. 

Incomplete Grade (I):Grade that an instructor may give a student who has not completed all the course work by the end of the term due to extenuating circumstances.  Students must petition the instructor in order to receive this notation.  The student has one semester  in which to make up the work and receive a final grade.

Independent College/University - Accredited colleges and universities which are not state supported. 

Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum (IGETC) - Completion of the IGETC will permit a student to transfer from a community college to a campus in either the California State University or University of California system without the need, after transfer, to take additional lower division general education courses to satisfy campus general education requirements. 

Junior: A student who has completed 60 - 89 semester units in college.

Liberal Arts - Programs/courses in the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences. 

Lower Division: Courses offered during the first two years (freshman and sophomore) of a college.  Community colleges offer lower-division courses that can be transferred to a baccalaureate degree college.

Major: A field of study chosen as the focus of a student's educational program.

MastersDegree :Awarded upon completion of one or two years of study beyond the bachelor's degree. 

Matriculation: A process which bring Chabot and a student into an agreement for the purpose of realizing the student's educational objectives

Minor:A secondary field of study outside of the major, often requiring substantially less course work. 
Approximately 18 credits in an area outside a student's major department.

Non-degree Applicable: Certain courses which do not count towards the 60 unit requirement for an Associate degree at Chabot.

Prerequisite: A body of knowledge or set of skills necessary for success in a course.   A condition of enrollment that a student is required to meet before enrolment in a course.

Prerequisite Challenge: A process to petition the requirements students must complete prior to enrolling in a particular course.

Probation: A warning sign to the student that the academic or progress standard of the college is not being met.  Often must see a counselor prior to enrolling in the next term.

Progress Probation: Status of a student who failed to complete at least 50% of the cumulative units for which the student was registered.

Quarter System - Approximately 10 weeks of instruction offered three times a year, during the fall, winter and spring. Some institutions also offer a summer quarter.

Recommended Preparation: A condition of enrollment that a student is advised, but not required, to meet before enrollment in a course or educational program.

Registration: Official process of enrolling in a class and paying the required fees.

Residence Requirements - States that a certain number of units must be taken on the campus from which the student expects to receive a degree. 

Resident/Non-Resident Status - Student status based on place of legal residence. Non-residents (out-of-state) often have to pay higher fees and meet higher admission requirements at state financed colleges and universities. 

Rolling Admissions- An admission decision given by the college as soon as possible after an application is completed. No notification deadline is specified. 

Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) - A multiple-choice test, administered by the College Board, designed to measure proficiency in mathematical and verbal ability. It is often used as a freshman entrance exam by many colleges. Some private colleges may require it for transfer students. 

Section Number: Number used to identify one or more sections offered of the same course.

Semester System - Approximately 15-18 weeks of instruction offered two times a year, during the fall and spring. 

Senior: Student who has completed 90 to 120 semester units in college.

Sophomore: A student who has completed 30 to 59 semester units in college.

Student Education Plan (SEP): A plan developed by the student and counselor to assist the student to attain his/her educational goal.

Transcript: A permanent record of a student's college course work.  It will show all courses in which a student enrolled, the grades received, the GPA, and the number of units earned. Official transcripts bear a seal of the college and signature of a designated college official

Transfer Admission Guarantee (TAG): Guaranteed admission agreements with participating universities for eligible students.

Transfer Courses: Courses that have been designated as acceptable by baccalaureate degree institutions and that those colleges will accept toward a bachelor's degree.

Tuition: A fee that is paid for instruction in a school, college, or university.

Undergraduate- A student enrolled in the years of college study prior to receiving a bachelor's degree. College freshman, sophomore, junior or senior.

Units: A value that indicates the amount of credit given to a class.  It reflects the amount of time required for class attendance.  One unit is equal to one hour of lecture or three hours of lab each week during a college term.

Upper Division: Courses offered for junior/senior class level and are not offered at the community college.

Variable Units: Course for which a range of units can be earned depending on the course work completed, or the number of lab hours or amount of classroom time required to complete this course.

Withdrawal ("W"): Notation on a student's transcript that indicates withdrawal from a course between the end of the fourth and the fourteenth week of instruction. Failure to officially drop a class can results in a grade of "F" or "NC".

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