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Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Program

What Is The Job?

An Emergency Medical Technician often works as a first responder at emergency incidents. EMTs bring expert medical care to victims of illness or injury by stabilizing medical problems and commonly transporting patients to the hospital for more advanced medical care.  Emergency medical care provided by EMTs may involve control of bleeding, application of bandages and/or splints, administration of oxygen, resuscitation of persons in cardiac or respiratory arrest, treatment of shock, assistance in childbirth, control of mentally disturbed persons, treatment of poisoning or burn victims, or assistance in evacuation. Other duties include communications, report writing, emergency vehicle driving and continuing medical education on current and new medical practices.

What Are The Personal Qualifications & Skills Necessary?

Emergency Medical Technicians must be able to give and receive verbal and written instructions quickly and clearly, remain calm in emergencies, and maintain a neat, clean appearance. They must also be able to use good judgment under stress, use common sense, drive an emergency vehicle, avoid endangering themselves or their co-workers, and avoid inflicting further injury on patients.

Work Conditions And Earnings:

Emergency Medical Technicians may work for fire departments, hospitals, private ambulance companies, police departments and in private industry. The majority work on ambulances and in the fire departments, but some may find seasonal work in forest fire fighting services, parks and recreation areas, and amusement parks. Salaries generally range from minimum wage on up.

Employment Outlook:

There will be a continued need for Emergency Medical Technicians because of growing public awareness of the importance of pre-hospital care. Most fire departments are now requiring this training and certification as a minimum requirement for either employment or continued employment. Advancement can be made to Paramedic, Nursing, and similar fields.

Initial EMT Certification Process:

Upon successful completion of the EMT course (Emergency Medical Services - EMS 2 & EMS 2W), the student must successfully pass the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certification examination and complete an EMS agency application for certification within 23 months of the last day of class.  Chabot College does not certify a student to be an EMT.  We provide you with the necessary coursework and information regarding applying for certification.  Only an EMS agency can certify someone as an EMT.  An EMT certificate is good statewide, and certification can be completed through any California Local EMS Agency. 

·   For more specific certification information, visit the Alameda County EMS Agency website and look under the heading of EMTs & Paramedics.  Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) regarding EMT certification with the Alameda County EMS Agency can also be found on the website at:


·   For other information on certification or programs in California try the State EMSA website at:


Courses offered at Chabot College for initial EMT Certification:

*       EMS 2: Emergency Medical Technician - Basic — (Lecture and skills lab)

*       EMS 2W: Patient Stabilization Extrication and Triage

Both EMS 2 and EMS 2W must be taken concurrently. They cannot be taken separately.

Note: other private schools or community colleges may have differing course titles or pre-requisite requirements for enrollment in their program.

Emergency Medical Technician Course Offerings:

The EMT Program at Chabot College is offered once each fall and spring semester (no summer session course is offered).  The EMT course at Chabot (EMS 2) meets every Wednesday during the semester for a total of 17 hour session. The EMS 2W class is a one-day Saturday class that meets for 8 hours. These hours do not include your work experience time. Work experience times will be scheduled in class after the beginning of the EMS 2 course.

·   Completion of a criminal and sex offender records checks via Certifiedbackground.com will be required by the Chabot College EMT program. Do not get the background check before you start the course. Directions will be provided in class on where and how to proceed and complete the background checks.

ü U.S. County Criminal Records – a record will prevent clinical participation and course completion.

ü Statewide Sexual Offender Index – a record will prevent clinical participation and course completion.

EMT programs are offered at other local colleges and private schools throughout California. Go to the California EMS Authority web site for more information on accredited schools and their locations http://www.emsa.cahwnet.gov/

Work Experience:

During the EMT class, the student will be placed in appropriate work settings that will give them practical experience in the hospital (8-16 hours), and in the field riding on an ambulance (20-24 hours). There will also be follow-up discussions of the work experience. Work experience time will be scheduled after the midterm week of class and will be completed before the conclusion of the course.

Prerequisites for the EMT Program (EMS 2 & EMS 2W):

Any one of the following options is acceptable:

1.   EMS 1 (First Responder) or EMS 61 (Emergency Medical Responder - Las Positas College) AND a valid CPR certification/card (Health Care Provider level CPR). The CPR card must be valid for the duration of the EMT course.  NOTE: Health Care Provider CPR is included with EMS 1 class.

2.    Valid Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) certification with documentation and valid CPR certification for Healthcare provider level.

3.    Emergency Medical Response (Taken at an American Red Cross office, a 51-hour class) and current CPR for the Professional Rescuer (American Red Cross) or current Health Care Provider Level CPR card (American Heart Association).

4.    Previously completed an EMT course from another school or state. (current valid CPR certificate/card — either Healthcare Provider Level CPR or Professional Rescuer CPR).

5.    Medical experience determined to be an acceptable substitute, as determined by the EMT Program Director. (You still must have a current CPR certificate) Supporting documentation of experience must be provided prior to the first class session for approval. Acceptance into the program is at the sole discretion of the course director.  The director maintains the right to refuse any request for any reason.

Note: If you have not taken the prerequisite EMS 1 course at Chabot College or the EMS 61 course at Las Positas College in Livermore CA.  You will need to get a prerequisite waiver from a college councilor prior to the first class session.

You must be eighteen (18) years of age to take the EMT courses.

EMS 2 – Student Health Requirements:

Students must provide proof of the following immunizations by the third class session.  Blood titers are the preferred method proof of immunization for the EMT program. Students not providing documentation of all required immunizations will be dismissed from the program. 

Immunization requirements are:

1. Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) – Vaccination documentation or titer.

2. Tuberculosis (TB) - a negative TB titer, skin test, chest X-ray documented as negative by a physician or a TB blood test will be acceptable. Tests must not be more than 3 months old, measured from the first day of class.

 § TB blood tests: TB blood tests (also called interferon-gamma release assays or IGRAs) measure how the immune system reacts to the bacteria that cause TB. (This test is not available at the Chabot campus clinic)

o  Two IGRAs are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA):

ü QuantiFERON®–TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT)

ü T-SPOT®.TB test (T-Spot)

3. Hepatitis B vaccination series - consists of three separate immunizations (3 shots): the first shot, the second shot (given 1 month after the first shot), and the third shot (given 5 months after the second shot). Students must show proof of having started the Hepatitis B vaccination series by the third class session.

4. Varicella vaccine (Chicken pox) – vaccination documentation or titer of immunity

5. Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (Tdap) – Vaccination documentation or titer (obtain booster if >5 years since you received the immunization).

6. Influenza vaccine – current year vaccination 

Note: If you do not provide proof of immunizations you may lose your seat in the course even if you have enrolled prior to the first class session. Please provide copies of all your documents, we do not accept originals.

For more specific information on immunizations: http://www.cdc.gov/  search for the topic information of interest

Emergency Medical Technician Refresher Courses (EMS 4):

All State of California certified EMT’s must re-certify every 2 years to maintain their certification.

To re-certify, an EMT in the state of California must complete 24 hours of continuing education and pass a skills competency verification examination.  The Health 85 class meets all hours and testing requirements to re-certify.  The student must complete their re-certification through the Local EMS Agency they have certified through.

EMT refresher courses are offered at Chabot College once every Fall and Spring semester. No Health 85 classes are offered during the summer session.  To be eligible for the EMT refresher course, the student must have a current EMT certification that has not been expired for more than 2 years. Check the current class schedule under Health 85.

For more specific information on how to re-certify, contact the Local EMS Agency you are certified through.  Re-certification of your NREMT card is not required to maintain your state of California certification.  Taking the Chabot college Health 85 class does not recertify an EMT, it only provides continuing education hours and skills competency verification documentation for the EMT to complete re-certification through their EMS Agency. 

Alameda County EMS Agency web site:    http://www.emsa.cahwnet.gov/


Registration Requirements / Procedure:

Please refer to the Chabot class schedule for registration procedures. Class size is limited to 54 students. Registration information can be found on the Chabot College web site.


The EMT Program at Chabot College is a 7 unit course.  EMS 2 is 6.5 units and EMS 2W is 0.5 units, the cost of the course is based on the current unit tuition fee plus required texts etc.  For more specific information on the current unit tuition price per unit go to the Chabot course registration page.

Students are also required to purchase all required text books and pay for any additional fees or costs to meet all course requirements.   

Any fees or costs required for certification as an EMT is the responsibility of the student and it is not included in the tuition fees paid at the time of enrollment into the course.

Challenge Examination:

Persons may obtain an EMT-1 certificate by successful completion of an approved challenge examination if:

1.    They are a currently licensed Physician in one of the United States, a Registered Nurse, a Physician’s Assistant, or a Vocational Nurse.

2.    They provide documented evidence of having successfully completed an EMS training program of the Armed Forces including the Coast Guard of the United States within the preceding 2 years that meets the Department of Transportation (DOT) EMT-l standard curriculum.

3.    An individual who was active in the last 2 years in a pre-hospital classification of the armed services, including the Coast Guard.

4.    A currently licensed, out of state Paramedic or Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (A-EMT).

For all other questions regarding information on the challenge examination or certification in general, please call the Alameda County Emergency Medical Services Agency at (510) 618-2050.

This program is accredited by the Alameda County Emergency Medical Services Agency.

For Further Information:

Contact Brandon Buckley, EMT Coordinator at Chabot College, by e-mail at bbuckley@chabotcollege.edu

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    Phone: (510) 723-6600 | Last updated on 5/18/2017